Hispanic Americans, mostly of Mexican origin, make up almost a third of the population. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. Published until 1832, Texas' first newspaper kept settlers informed of news by providing English translations of Mexican government laws and decrees. When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico. The independent Republic of Texas is declared. Many people in the new republic wanted Texas to become part of the United States. Bright Sky Press, 2009. TBH Home Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Texas - Texas - History: The ancestors of the West Texas Native Americans lived in camps perhaps as long as 37,000 years ago. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the southeast. The U.S. Congress approved the agreement in 1845. In 1844, however, President John Tyler helped develop an agreement that allowed Texas to join the United States. The state’s fourth largest city, Austin originated as the riverside village of Waterloo, in a buffalo-hunting region occupied by Tonkawa and Comanche peoples. Mary Kay Ash (1915 -2001) Cosmetics entrepreneur and founder of Mary Kay cosmetics; born in Hot Wells. Other valuable farm products include cotton and chickens. (2010) 25,145,561; (2019 est.) In the 1700's, Catholic prists lived atthe mission. Texas became the 28th state admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845. This is a wonderful website where students and teachers can learn about Texas Government in a fun and interactive way. During the late 20th century Texas was one of the fastest-growing states in the country. Major business sections within the economy include commercial trade, real estate, and finance. One issue was that Mexico threatened to go to war with the United States if the United States claimed Texas. Later the Comanche moved into the area. It symbolized Texas' struggle for independence. To make it a little bit easier, Texas history can be divided into three basic time periods: exploration and development; revolution and development of the Republic; becoming a … Texas is now second in population only to California. The History of the Texas Flag Before it was part of the USA, Texas was ruled first by Spain, then by France, and then by Mexico. In 1845 Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state. Another company in the state, Texas Instruments, is a major producer of electronic goods and military equipment. In agriculture, Texas ranks first in the country in the production of cattle. David Crockett Creating a Legendby Mary Dodson Wade. The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1519, who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes. Numerous other wells followed. They lost at the Alamo, but they eventually defeated the Mexicans at a battle along the San Jacinto River. Motto: “Friendship”Slogan: \"The Friendly State\"State symbols:Bird: Northern mockingbird (1927)Dog: Blue Lacy (2005)Fish: Guadalupe bass (1989)Flying mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat (1995)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1995)Large mammal: Texas LonghornReptile: Texas horne… The Texas panhandle is a block of land that extends northward above the rest of the state. He arrived with around 300 families and settled the land with the approval of the Mexican government. It is the second-largest state in the United States after Alaska. From 1836 to 1845, Texas was its own nation! The vice president, Texas politician Lyndon B. Johnson, became the country’s next president. About 12 percent of the people are African American. 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744 (512) 389-4800 | (800) 792-1112 | TTY: (512) 389-8915 Operation Game Thief: (800) 792-GAME In 1825, American Stephen F. Austin established a colony in Texas. In the most famous battle of the Texas-Mexico war, the Texans fought heroically to defend the Alamo. Description: This is an awesome resource that allows kids to label and color maps online. After the war Texas cowboys began driving cattle northward to markets or ranges. ... State History Rater. **Updated to include Google Slides based digital version. Three of its urban centers—Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio—are ranked among the country’s 10 most populated cities. A huge oil field in eastern Texas was discovered in 1930. (Who wants to camp in the mud?) More than 13,000 years ago, ancient Clovis people built a stone floor in a muddy rock shelter to make it a more comfortable living space. Whites of European heritage represent more than half of the state’s residents. Texas History for Kids includes 21 informative and fun activities to help readers better understand the state’s culture, politics, and geography. Early tribes included the Caddo, the Jumano, and others. 1718 - San Antonio is established as a Spanish mission. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. The Caddo of Texasby Lucile Davis. During this period, Mexico allowed pioneers from the United States to enter the territory and set up their own colonies. On September 25, 1829, the first issue of the Texas Gazette was published in San Felipe de Austin. Everything really is bigger in Texas. Texas Detailed Online Label-me Map. The river called the Rio Grande separates Texas from the country of Mexico on the southwest. Sam Houston was elected its first president. In 1835 they revolted, and the next year they declared independence. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. During Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas: La Provincia de Texas. Texas was the 28 th state in the USA; it was admitted on December 29, 1845.. State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - Houston Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger] Population - 26,448,193 (as of 2013) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] In 2011, it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state. Conflict developed between Mexico and the American settlers in Texas. The nickname Lone Star State comes from the single star in the Texas flag, which was officially adopted by the Republic of Texas in 1839. Texas is the leading crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the U.S. This vital industry led to the popular image of the cowboy in song, story, and film. The Bushes were only the second father and son to both serve as president (the first were John Adams and John Quincy Adams). Texas was a part of Mexico when Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. 1821 - Mexico gains independence from Spain. They probably covered the new floor with layers of leaves and animal skins to make it softer. Cynthia Ann Parker: Comanche Captiveby Tracie Egan. East of Texas are Louisiana and Arkansas. Mexico still considered some of the land in Texas to be its own. Texas joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War (1861–65). To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. That's how big Texas is! Its national flag then became its state flag. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. Its national flag then became its state flag. Texas House of Representatives welcome you to the Kids' House. The state’s oil industry owes much to a place named Spindletop. In 1839 it was selected by scouts as the site for the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas and renamed to honour Stephen F. Austin, father of the republic. The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. The Spanish also began to build settlements and missions in the territory. Native Americans lived in the Texas region before Europeans arrived. At 268,596 square miles, Texas is the second largest state behind only Alaska. Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Tx. This dispute led to the Mexican War in 1846. Texas has more counties (254) than any other state in the U.S. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Britannica does not review the converted text. Texas became an independent republic in 1836. 28,995,881, By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. PowerKids Press, 2003. 1861 - Texas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. When Texas joined the Union, it kept the right to fly its state flag at the same height as the national flag. The name Texas comes from a Caddo Indian word meaning “friends” or “allies.” The Spanish explorers pronounced the word tejas and gave this name to the area. On November 22, 1963, United States President John F. Kennedy was shot to death in Dallas. The Indian Texans (Texians and Texans)by Thomas H. Guderjan. The state of Texas borders with Louisiana (east), Oklahoma (north), New Mexico (west), and the Gulf of Mexico (southeast). A great battle took place there in 1836. See the fact file below for more information about Texas. His son George W. Bush was elected president in 2000 and reelected in 2004. These industries include the production of computers and electronic products. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. The great cattle drives continued until about 1890. This section is intended for those of you who are more advanced in your reading and problem solving skills. Republic of Mexico. Texas Revolution for kids Andrew Jackson was the 7th American President who served in office from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Texans, however, soon became unhappy with the Mexican government. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Austin is the capital. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Texas History is a HUGE subject. Famous People from Texas. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003. Although Texans fought for the South, the state itself was far removed from the major battlefields. The eastern edge of the panhandle and the north-central part of the state are lowland regions of prairie and rolling plains. As early as 1836, they voted for annexation, or attachment. Texas is the home of Dell, the computer company. One of the important events during his presidency was the Texas Revolution. However, many people in the United States did not agree with the plan. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Another politician from Texas, George Bush, served as the country’s president from 1989 to 1993. Click on the to get more information on a section. By 1793, the mission was a fort known as the Alamo. Texas is a part of Mexico. Encapsulating the 500-year saga of the one-of-a-kind state of Texas, this interactive book takes readers from the founding of the Spanish Missions and the victory at San Jacinto to the Great Storm that destroyed Galveston and the establishment of NASA’s Mission Control in Houston while covering everything in between. Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. Tackling Texas History is almost as big a task as tackling American History! 1685 - The French establish Fort St. Louis and lay claim to Texas. Located near Beaumont, Spindletop became the state’s first great oil well in 1901. San Antonio was founded in 1718 and became the main settlement of Spanish Texas. About 40 million people visit the state each year. Texas History at Home As families are creating new routines and learning how to educate students from home, we are providing free instructive resources about Texas history… The most rugged, mountainous land in Texas lies in the far west. The landscape of Texas consists mainly of plains and hills. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. States, regions, nations, and more are available. This spiral review activity is perfect to sneak a little bit of Texas History into your 4th grade classroom every day of the school year! Jane Wilki… 1. 1845 - The U.S. Congress admits Texas as the 28th state. Image courtesy of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin The Texas economy is among the largest in the country. 1900 - Galveston is hit by a hurricane killing thousands of people. 1901 - Oil is discovered and the oil boom begins. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. 1528 - Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked off the coast of Texas. In 1685 the French explorer Sieur de La Salle explored part of the area and tried to establish a settlement. Possessing only crude spears and flint-pointed darts, these hunters survived primarily on wild game. Tourism is also valuable to the state. Texas has been a member of six different nations including Spain, Mexico, France, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States, and the USA. Did you know that the oldest construction in North America is right here in Texas? El Paso, Texas is closer to the border of California than it is to Dallas, Texas. The page targets grades four and up but, of course, people of all ages can have fun learning about the great state of Texas! Mexico did not declare war right away, but the two countries continued to dispute the border. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Texas is the second most populous and the second largest of the 50 U.S. states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. Under both Spanish and Mexican … Houston: Standing Firmby Mary Dodson Wade. Texas Beyond History. Texas History Warm Up for 4th grade Texas History! **This activity is a perfect way to build research ski. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. New Mexico is to the west, and Oklahoma is to the north. It is a flat, dry area with frequent sandstorms. Books shelved as texas-history: Lone Star: A History Of Texas And The Texans by T.R. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Texas History for Kids: Lone Star Lives and Legends, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) at Amazon.com. Oil production and the manufacture of chemical and petroleum (oil) products also contribute to the Texas economy. Bright Sky Press, 2009. The state’s top manufacturing industries are in the field of high technology. 1825 - Stephen F. Austin founds a colony of settlers. This red, white, and blue flag with a single star was the origin of the Texas nickname, the Lone Star State. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. “Texas” is the Spanish spelling of a Native American word meaning “friends” or “allies.”. The name Texas derives from táyshaʼ, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, which means "friends" or "allies." 1836 - The Battle of the Alamo occurs. Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. One ranch in Texas, the King Ranch, is bigger than the entire state of Rhode Island. In San Antonio, Texas sits the ruins of an old Spanish mission. The largest natural region is the coastal plain that covers southern and eastern Texas. Get Texas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. It consists of flat, low prairies that stretch far inland from the Gulf of Mexico. Bright Sky Press, 2009. State abbreviation/Postal code: Tex./TXNickname: The Lone Star StateOrigin of name: From the Caddoan word for \"ally,\" used to refer to Spanish-allied Hasinai Confederacy and the area they lived in. University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures, 1989. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. 1519 - Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the coastline of Texas. In the central and west-central parts of the state are raised plateaus and hill country. 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